Do you have pain in your teeth or jaw? You may have a problem with dental occlusion. Although it may seem trivial, tooth misalignment can sometimes cause damage to your health. Fortunately, many professionals are trained to handle this problem!
What is dental occlusion?
First, dental occlusion refers to how the upper and lower teeth complement one another, i.e., how they overlap. Dentists can assess whether your dental occlusion is normal, that is if the upper and lower teeth close at the correct point of contact. It is a class 1 occlusion. However, if your dentist diagnoses a class 2 or 3 occlusions, you may develop a dental occlusion problem. In class 2, your upper teeth are more advanced than normal. If you are in class 3, your lower teeth are more advanced than average.
What are the possible causes of a dental occlusion problem?
There are several possible causes of tooth misalignment. It can be a hereditary problem, a bad habit of sucking, bruxism or other. An occlusion problem can also occur if you have lost one or more natural teeth and have not filled the gaps. By replacing your missing teeth with a prosthesis or dental implants, you are careful to maintain good oral health.
Occlusion problems are not necessarily related to your natural dentition! Indeed, your dentures can sometimes be involved. For example, a wrong vertical dimension (too high or too low) and poorly designed prosthesis can cause your jaw to become unbalanced and cause you pain. A worn prosthesis that slips and is no longer properly adjusted can also become problematic.
What can be the consequences of malocclusion on your health?
If you have a problem with natural or prosthetic dental occlusion, you are more at risk of developing other problems that could impact your overall health. Here are some possible consequences of tooth misalignment:
- the loosening of the teeth;
- dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint;
- a disturbed sleep;
- the imbalance of the body;
- neck or ear pain
A problem of dental occlusion is not to be taken lightly!
Consult with health professionals to correct your occlusion
To solve an occlusion problem, it is first essential to find the cause. For this, you will need to consult the right health professional. We suggest a partnership between your dentist and bone and joint specialists, such as an osteopath or physiotherapist. While your dentist will test you to check the positioning of your teeth and to detect misalignment, the other specialist will rehabilitate the cranial mechanism and relieve the pain caused by the occlusion. Orthodontic treatments can also be used to realign your teeth or jaw. If you have prostheses, another health professional to consult is, of course, your denturologist! As we mentioned, this one will be able to analyze your prostheses to try to identify the problem and to remedy it after that. If you have all your natural teeth, the denturologist can help you too. For example, you may have occlusal plates that you can wear at night, which will help you reduce the forces that put pressure on your jaw.