If you need a dental implant or your dentist has advised you, you can ask many questions about the nature of this foreign body that will take place in your mouth. What are dental implants, how are they placed, and how much does it cost?
A dental implant: what is it?
A dental implant acts as an artificial tooth and is therefore screwed firmly into the jaw bone to support the dental prosthesis or tooth attached to it. Its main purpose is to replace the root of a tooth that has been damaged or torn off and to support a prosthesis by mediating it with the jawbone.
As a result, the implant can transmit chewing forces to the bone and thus function as a shock absorber. Specifically, a dental implant is a metal rod (which can measure between 10 to 15 mm long) which is made of titanium. This metal is perfectly compatible with the human body, which considerably reduces the risk of rejection. Currently, some implants are made from zirconia that has the same advantages in terms of biocompatibility, while being white (therefore more discreet than the titanium implant). Once the dental implant is in place, the healing period can last several weeks. The metal used allowing the jawbone to colonize the implant so that it can be integrated perfectly with the rest of your jaw. It is therefore important to differentiate between the implant (whose main function is to provide support) and the prosthesis that will replace your tooth.
What are the different types of implants?
There are several types of dental implants, generally varying in their shape. It can be cylindrical, conical, or have a shape of a blade, disk, etc. These can be used to meet specific dental needs. There are also two main types of implant, the first being metal. Implanted directly in the jaw, it allows us to maintain one or more teeth. The second is subperiosteal and placed under the gums to support the prosthesis. Less common, it is mainly recommended for people with a low jaw or fine.
How long can it last?
The dental implant acts as a shock absorber to facilitate and strengthen your chewing strength. It can withstand pressure ranging from 10 to 35 KG / cm². Because of its composition, it can also continue to function without being damaged by contact with saliva (other metals that can create an electric current), your gums and the food you eat. Dental implants are also designed to withstand time and theoretically exceed our human longevity. For example, some people are over 20 years old and show no sign of weakness.
What is the point of having a dental implant?
It is generally recommended to have a dental implant (not a bridge implant, for example) to ensure the integrity of the jaw, but also the health of your teeth. Unlike other techniques, the placement of a dental implant will not require damage to the neighboring teeth, which prevents the bone of the jaw is damaged.